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Termites are less likely to be attacked by fleas than bees, wasps and ants, as they are generally well protected in their mounds.122 Nevertheless, termites are infected by a variety of parasites. A few of them include dipteran flies,123 Pyemotes mites, and a high number of nematode parasites. Many nematode parasites are in the order Rhabditida; others are in the genus Mermis, Diplogaster aerivora and Harteria gallinarum.
M. anispliae is known to weaken the termite immune system. Infection with A. nomius only takes place when a colony is under great anxiety. .
Termites are infected by viruses including Entomopoxvirinae and the Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus.130131
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Foraging behaviour depends on the form of termite. For example, certain species feed on the timber structures they inhabit, and many others harvest food that's near the nest.132 Most workers are rarely found out in the open, and do not forage unprotected; they rely on sheeting and runways to protect them from predators.
When they find a food sourcethey communicate to other soldiers and a small force of workers starts to emerge. In the second stage, employees appear in massive numbers in the website. The next stage is indicated by a drop in the number of soldiers present and an increase in the number of employees.136 Isolated researchers may engage in Lvy flight behaviour within an optimised way for finding their nestmates or foraging for food.137.
Competition between two colonies consistently ends in agonistic behavior towards one another, resulting in struggles. These struggles can lead to mortality on either side and, in some situations, the gain or reduction of territory.138139"Cemetery pits" could be present, in which the bodies of dead termites are buried.140
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Studies show that when termites encounter each other in foraging areas, a few of the termites intentionally block passages to prevent other termites from entering.134141 Dead termites from other colonies found in exploratory tunnels contributes to the isolation of the area and thus the need to construct new tunnels.142 Conflict between two opponents does not always happen.
Since C. formosanus colonies may get into physical conflict, some termites squeeze closely into foraging tunnels and die, effectively blocking the tunnel and ending all of agonistic actions.144.
Among the reproductive caste, neotenic queens may compete with one another to become the dominant queen when there are no primary reproductives. This struggle among the queens leads to the elimination of all but a single queen, which, together with all the king, takes over the colony.145
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Ants and termites may compete with each other for nesting space. In specific, ants that prey on termites usually have a negative effect on arboreal nesting species.146
Most termites are blind, so communication primarily occurs through chemical, mechanical and pheromonal cues.41134 These means of communication are used in a variety of tasks, including foraging, locating reproductives, construction of nests, recognition of nestmates, nuptial flight, locating and fighting enemies, and defending the nests.41134 The most common method of communicating is via antennation.134 A number of pheromones are known, including contact pheromones (which are transmitted when why not try these out employees are engaged in trophallaxis or grooming) and alarm, trail and sex pheromones.
Route pheromones are secreted in the sternal gland, and gender pheromones derive from 2 glandular sources: the sternal and tergal glands.41 When termites go out to search for meals, they forage in columns along the ground through vegetation. A trail can be identified by the faecal residue or runways that are covered by objects.
When termites construct their neststhey use predominantly indirect communication. No single termite would be in charge of any specific click for source construction job. Individual termites react rather than think, but in a set level, they display a type of collective cognition. Specific structures or other items like pellets of soil or pillars cause termites to begin building.
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The result is a self-organised procedure where the information that sends termite activity results in changes in the environment rather than from direct contact among individuals.134.
Termites can distinguish nestmates and non-nestmates through compound communication and gut symbionts: compounds consisting of hydrocarbons discharged discover here from the cuticle permit the recognition of alien termite species.148149 Each colony has its own distinct odour. This odour is Due to genetic and environmental factors like the termites' diet andThe composition of the bacteria within the termites' intestines.150.
Termites rely on alarm communication to defend a colony.134 Alarm pheromones can be released when the nest has been broken or is being assaulted by enemies or potential pathogens. Termites always avoid nestmates infected with Metarhizium anisopliae spores, through vibrational signals released by infected nestmates.151 Other methods of defence include intense jerking and secretion of fluids in the frontal gland and defecating faeces containing alarm pheromones.134152.